Making pretty code with Ruby
Ruby on Rails is an open-source platform from which programmers become happy, code is pretty, and development is reliable and fast.
RoR is a framework written in the Ruby programming language, implements the architectural pattern Model-View-Controller for web applications, and also provides integration with a web server and database server. It opens software and licensed under conditions of the MIT license.
Created by David Heinemeier Hansson based on his 37signals work on the Basecamp project management tool that released in 2004.
RoR fully-fledged website framework that includes everything to complete a website project including an ability to manage logic, routing, and applications, all from the box. These handy tools also include database integration and controllers which makes it easier to facilitate web development on an end to end basis.
Key benefits of Ruby and Ruby on Rails
The main advantage of the Ruby language is the speed of development that increased by 30-40 percent with any other programming language or framework. The growth rate of development determined by an extensive set of ready-to-work standard RoR tools, a massive set of already made solutions in the community, the Ruby language and the simplicity of programming on it.
One of the most critical parts of the RoR culture is sociality. Solved the problem and helped solve others. I implemented my module, so, share it with the community. Thus, thousands of ready-made solutions of various tasks stored in open access. Authentication, authorization, commenting, payment systems, mailing lists and much more implemented by others, implemented and tested and recommended by numerous communities.
Culture and Standards
Ruby on Rails is a framework that does not allow you amateur performance. In RoR, you can “invent your own bike” and program in any direction without relying on standards; but this is not required. Criteria for placing files, standards for writing code, general rules for programming in the community actively structure any project. Due to this, it becomes readable. Entry into the project of newcomers is high-speed. Experience shows that any newcomer to the project on the first day of work makes its first useful edits. Due to this, it not a big problem if the project development by one team of programmers and project support or revision by an entirely different team. The project on RoR is a priori clear to any developer.
When developing any major project, a reasonable question arises. How and who will test the project? There is not always the means and desire to create entire departments of testing, especially to automate this process. Unlike other frameworks, RoR has excellent automated testing tools. There are no standard testing tools in other programming languages and frameworks. There is third-party development that allows you to organize automatic testing of a project in other languages, but they are not out of the box, and programmers do not think about using them. In a project on RoR, ideally, the project code is not written until tests written for this code. RoR ideology implies the initial use of BDD (Behavior Driven Development) or TDD (Test Driven Development) methods.
More info about testing can be found in our previous article here https://amoniac.eu/blog/post/tests-as-must-have-for-complex-projects
Project caching is one of the most critical stages in the development of a large Internet project. Different languages have different data caching options. These options and tools are screwed, attached, fastened, attached at the side. Until now, there is no consensus in the community what is to use, how to cache the data, what tools to use.
Ruby on Rails in its basic configuration has regular data caching tools. At the start, tools provided that allow you to implement data caching on the project. You can cache whole pages or blocks of code. You can cache query results and ActiveRecord — models. You can cache as with Memcached or Redis and other means. To implement caching on a Ruby on Rails project, in 95 percent of cases you will not need anything other than ready-made and standard solutions.
There is a situation when someone has done a project, and then suddenly realizes that to continue the development of the project, a version in some other language is necessary. Developers working with other programming languages at the same time begin to talk about the fact that it not foreseen in advance, that it is long and complicated. Let's say, let's open a parallel project, which will be a complete copy of this, and translate it.
The basic configuration of Ruby on Rails has project localization tools. You may consider the need to support various languages on the site both initially and in the future. RoR can distribute templates for different languages, contains configuration files with a translation of terms and many other regular tools for implementing the project localization.
In many projects, we can see when the address of a particular page is huge and unclear. In Ruby, there is a regular ability to flexibly configure your routing, the type of addresses, the names of the main sections. It is possible to quickly change addresses in one place without having to change this address throughout the project. In the community of RoR – developers, REST ideology is actively used. The addresses of pages in projects on Ruby on Rails are always clear, beautiful, correctly understood by search engines and simple.
In Ruby on Rails, tools are correctly implemented to validate incoming data. Your users fill out forms, and you need to check the correctness of the entered email address, the presence of a password or the required minimum length of the login — regular means of Rails will help you with this.
Migrations and work with the database
The common problem of many projects written in other languages is the inability to control the structure of the database using clear tools and tools. Changes to the structure are made manually and directly into the database. Because of this, many incomprehensible fields and tables appear in the project, about which no one remembers anything. In Ruby on Rails, there are regular database tools - “migrations.” The database structure is stored in the application code and configured from the project. Your structure will always be in the repository, any change to the structure will be documented and tied to a specific commit in the repository.
Ruby on Rails is by default heavily sharpened for project security. When using the RoR tools, SQL injections and XSS attacks excluded. All input parameters escaped by default. Displayed variables in templates also avoided unless you specify the opposite option. The developer has no chance to make security mistakes, although there are exceptions.
There are many convenient and enjoyable tools in the Ruby on Rails environment. Including tools used in the deployment process. Using Capistrano, rolling out a new version of an application on a combat server or several servers will require one command in the console that is cap deploy.
Version control systems
When developing any Ruby on Rails project, the use of known version control systems implied. Using git, as we say, “voluntarily — forcibly”, since many systems of automatic project deployment on combat servers do not work without them. RoR programmers initially, when exploring the platform, are forced to learn git, since numerous code examples in the documentation imply the use of these version control systems. Because of this, it is easier for inexperienced beginners to start learning other languages and not to touch Rails until they reach a certain level of understanding of web development as such and its principles.
Ruby on Rails was initially designed to implement the Basecamp project management system. Also, on RoR an accessible and free Redmine project management system was created. When working on Rails projects voluntarily-compulsorily use of such systems. All of them integrated with version control systems, which allows more flexible management of project development processes.
Where Ruby on Rails wins vs. Node.js?
Web development best practice
Rails comes with a view to creating the best practice for web development. The creator intended to make it easy to develop sites accordingly a set framework which puts convention before configuration. As such, Ruby On Rails ships with every necessary library and module. And they all implement the model, view and controller paradigm. The intention is to make web development as predictable and smooth a process as possible.
Infrastructure that is expansive
RoR’s built for quick site development, so, it includes an integrated web server, plus, it has a database with generators and scripts; these are powerful and make it easy to together a Rails application. You can use all the necessary bits automatically, and pieces a functioning Rails site requires in place. It’s great for rapid development.
You can easily migrate Rails databases. Because the model that supports the Rails database, ActiveRecord, can easily translate the differences amongst the numerous SQL interactions. Instead of writing out SQL code, users of Rails can use the Rails language to describe changes to database tables.
So, in effect, the schema created is agnostic of the database in use. Which means you can run Rails application in many database environments.
And where does it lose?
Flexibility can be an issue
Flexibility can be an issue, for every advantage, there is a matching drawback. It is also about RoR. Due to Rails creator’s development vision, you may feel restricted with RoR if your particular application is too unique. The Rails platform imposes a lot of authority on the developmental process, so there can come where adjusting RoR to fit your requirements takes up a massive amount of your time. Whereas merely starting from scratch would have been quicker.
Performance is not always optimized
Again, a positive thing that can also be a negative. Because of the large number of modules in the box, RoR can seemingly bog down when running in the real world. The overall framework is heavier than alternatives, including Node.js. So it’s not so efficient at managing a barrage of requests is typical of many website applications. You can add more server instances, but these use up your memory.
Debugging can be tedious
Because of Ruby on Rails’ complexity and multiple layers, it can be difficult to troubleshoot a Ruby application. Finding an error in the mix can be very time-consuming. So if something goes wrong, compounded by your application’s custom requirements, you can find Ruby on Rails a very tedious platform to develop on.
What is Node.js?
In short, Node.js is a run time environment that allows you to execute server-side, which used to be client-side, code.
The Node.js distributed development project, governed by the Node.js Foundation, facilitated by the Linux Foundation's Collaborative Projects program.
Features and uses of Node.js
We list some critical elements that make Node.js popular with software developers.
Asynchronous scripts based on events
All Node.js APIs are asynchronous, that is, non-blocking downloads. In essence, Node.js based server never expects data to return from the API. After the call, the server proceeds to the next API, and the Node.js Events notification mechanism helps the server to get a response from the previous API call.
Single-flow but easily scalable
Node.js uses a single-threaded model with an event loop. The Event engine helps the server response in a nonblocking manner, and provides high scalability, unlike traditional servers, which create limited threads for processing requests. Node.js uses a single-threaded program, and the same program can serve a much larger number of requests than traditional servers, the Apache HTTP Server.
Node.js applications do not buffer the data. They output the data in parts.
Node.js released under the MIT license.
Where and who uses Node.js?
In these areas, Node.js has established itself as an ideal technological solution:
— applications related to data input/output
— applications for streaming data
— intensive use of real-time data (DIRT)
— JSON API based applications
Among the users are such large companies as eBay, General Electric, GoDaddy, Microsoft, PayPal, Uber, Wikipins, Yahoo! and yammer.
Where Node.js wins vs. Ruby on Rails?
Node.js is excellent for applications that are real-time and which handle a lot of concurrent requests. Under these scenarios, data regularly go between the client and the server. These Real-Time Applications (RTAs) include chat apps, applications for collaborating and video conferencing.
Because Node.jsis event-based, it’s great for handling these apps. Running on a single page, known as SPAs or Single Page Applications, involves a lot of processing on the client side. The primary function for the back-end under these scenarios is to provide a REST API.
TOP 10 famous Ruby on Rails web apps
Github is a web-based hosting service for version control using Git. It mostly used for computer code. It offers all of the distributed version control and source code management (SCM) functionality of Git as well as adding its features.
It provides access control and several collaboration features such as bug tracking, feature requests, task management, and wikis for every project.
Bloomberg is a privately held financial, software, data, and media company headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. It was founded by Michael Bloomberg in 1981, with the help of Thomas Secunda, Duncan MacMillan, Charles Zegar, and a 30% ownership investment by Merrill Lynch. Bloomberg L.P. provides financial software tools such as an analytics and equity trading platform, data services, and news to financial companies and organizations through the Bloomberg Terminal, its core revenue-generating product.
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Shopify is a Canadian e-commerce company headquartered in Ottawa, Ontario. It is also the name of its proprietary e-commerce platform for online stores and retail point-of-sale systems. Shopify offers online retailers a suite of services including payments, marketing, shipping and customer engagement tools to simplify the process of running an online store for small merchants.
Groupon is an American worldwide e-commerce marketplace connecting subscribers with local merchants by offering activities, travel, goods and services in 15 countries. Based in Chicago, Groupon was launched in November 2008, and the first market for Groupon was Chicago, followed soon after that by Boston, New York City, and Toronto. By October 2010, Groupon was available in 150 cities in North America and 100 cities in Europe, Asia, and South America.
Airbnb is a privately held global company headquartered in San Francisco that operates an online marketplace and hospitality service which is accessible via its websites and mobile apps. Members can use the service to arrange or offer lodging, primarily homestays, or tourism experiences. The company does not own any of the real estate listings, nor does it host events; as a broker, it receives commissions from every booking.
Dribbble is an online community for showcasing user-made artwork. It functions as a self-promotion and networking platform for graphic design, web design, illustration, photography, and other creative areas. It was founded in 2009 by Dan Cederholm and Rich Thornett, becoming publicly available in 2010. It is one of the largest platforms for designers to share their work online.
SlideShare is a hosting service for professional content including presentations, infographics, documents, and videos. Users can upload files privately or publicly in PowerPoint, Word, PDF, or OpenDocument format. Content can then be viewed on the site itself, on handheld devices or embedded on other sites. The website was originally meant to be used for businesses to share slides among employees more efficiently, but it also has expanded to become a host of a large number of slides that are uploaded merely to entertain.
Hulu is an American entertainment company that provides "over-the-top media services." It is primarily oriented towards instant streaming of television series, carrying current and past episodes of many series from its owners' respective television networks and other content partners.
SoundCloud was established in Berlin in August 2007 by Swedish sound designer Alexander Ljung and Swedish electronic musician Eric Wahlforss, and the website launched in October 2008. SoundCloud is an online audio distribution platform and music sharing website based in Berlin, Germany that enables its users to upload, promote, and share audio.